Document Type


Publication Date





Despite a well-established manufacturing-process understanding, tablet quality issues are frequently encountered during various stages of drug-product development. Compact breaking force (tensile strength), capping and friability are among the commonly observed characteristics that determine the integrity, quality and manufacturability of tablets. In current study, a design space of the compaction pressure, compaction speed and head flat types is introduced for solid dosage compacts prepared from pure silicified microcrystalline cellulose, a popular tableting excipient. In the reported experiments, five types of head flat types at six compaction pressure levels and two compaction speeds were employed and their effects on compact mechanical properties evaluated. The mechanical properties of the tablets were obtained non-destructively. It is demonstrated these properties correlate well with compact porosity and tensile strength, thus their availability is of practical value. The reported mechanical properties are observed to be linearly sensitive to the tableting speed and compaction pressure, and their dependency on the head-flat profile, while clearly visible in the presented waveforms, was found to be nonlinear in the range of the parameter space. In this study, we detail a non-destructive, easy-to-use approach for characterizing the porosity and tensile strength of pharmaceutical tablets.



This is the authors' accepted version of the article. The final version was published in International Journal of Pharmaceutics, Volume 575, 15 February 2020, 118993:

Additional Files