Adiabatically shape-preserving-wave and solitary-wave solutions for five-level atomic systems are presented. They give the idealized situations for the shape preserving propagation of optical waves through a five-level atomic medium, and provide some useful comparisons with the electromagnetically induced transparency experiments performed by Harris and his collaborators on atoms with hyperfine structure.
Hioe, Foek T. (2008). "Adiabatic shape preservation and solitary waves in a five-level atomic medium." Physical Review A 78.6, 1-5.
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©2008, The American Physical Society. Original publication is available at http://link.aps.org/doi/10.1103/PhysRevA.78.063807