3690: A Journal of First-Year Student Research Writing

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Overview: The progression of how racism manifests is observed in many areas of the world, notably in American literature. As evidenced by Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave by Frederick Douglass, The Bluest Eye by Toni Morrison, and All American Boys by Jason Reynolds and Brendan Kiely, racism has become more covert and more subtle over time; racism has moved from obvious and overt slavery in the past, to more concealed discrimination/segregation later on, and finally to the hidden institutional racism of today.

Author's reflection: My name is Justin Gabriel, and I am majoring in biochemistry at St. John Fisher College. I have strong passions for the pharmaceutical industry and the research/production of drugs and will likely be pursuing this interest in graduate school after I complete my undergraduate degree. In the spring semester of 2021, I was able to participate in the research-writing course of Racism in America with Professor Regan. In this class, the three books we read were all about one hundred years apart from one another, yet I felt they all shared similar concepts about racial issues. I drew connections from both these fictional and non-fictional pieces of American writing and was able to visualize a timeline of how racism has changed in our country over time, for better or for worse. The final product of that chronology can be found in my paper, "The Concealment of Racism in America: Rise of an Unseen Oppressor."

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