Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Education (EdD)


Executive Leadership

First Supervisor

W. Jeff Wallis, EdD

Second Supervisor

Gilbert Louis, EdD


The purpose of this quantitative research study was to explore whether community college students who received benefits through the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) outperformed those who did not receive SNAP benefits in terms of retention, grade point average (GPA), and graduation rate. The deidentified archival data collected from the College Tracker and Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) systems from fall 2018 through spring 2022 included a total of 4,127 sample size of 3,277 continuing students, 312 freshmen, and 538 transfer students who were either SNAP or non-SNAP recipients.

The study's results for each null hypothesis were reported as "fail to reject; not statistically significant” or “reject; statistically significant.” This was determined if the p-value was either higher or lower than the predetermined significance level of 0.05. As a result, of the six findings, four were not statistically significant (p>0.05), while two were statistically significant (p<0.05). The results indicated SNAP affected the retention, GPA, and graduation of part-time, SNAP-receiving students versus their counterparts who did not receive SNAP. However, for full-time, SNAP-receiving students, SNAP affected retention but did not affect GPA and graduation compared to their counterparts who did not receive SNAP during the academic periods from fall 2018 to spring 2022. The study is limited by a small sample size of SNAP students and a lack of information on other potential influencing factors such as low wages, financial difficulties, and family demographics.

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