Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Education (EdD)


Executive Leadership

First Supervisor

C. Michael Robinson, Ed.D.

Second Supervisor

Cynthia P. Smith, Ed.D.


The purpose of this research was twofold: to explore the paradox existing between nursing as a healing occupation and the normalized violence occurring within the profession, as such, to inform from the perspectives of healing and cultural recalibration; and, secondly, to investigate the perspectives of charge nurses who may or may not have recognized psychological trauma, transformed pain, or transcended woundedness from lateral violence in the workplace. With the deployment of a lifeworld, phenomenological method, combined with the nurse as wounded healer theory, this study qualitatively measured and thematically captured the descriptive essence of nine provisional critical care leaders or charge nurses, practicing in the New York State area. A sequence of semi-structured interviews and qualitatively organized research questions rendered four compelling and emergent themes: (a) charge nurse identity, (b) acknowledgment of colleague moral injury, (c) transformational intent, and (d) the transcending normalized practices. In conjunction with the emergent themes, the four findings were revealed: (a) nurses identified strongly and equated their efficacy with the duration and tribulations associated with their social preparation; (b) nurses were able to demonstrate situational awareness and acknowledgement of laterally violent behaviors; (c) nurses were able to describe their personal commitment to the charge nurse role, including actual, as well as potential, corrective measures; and (d) nurses instinctively accommodated wounded colleagues and accompanied them onto a trajectory of healing. Conclusions from this study informed recommendations for the recalibration of nursing processes, nursing leadership, and social justice.

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